The visual impact for those who knew the old wooden house, which by the demand of visitors had several renovations, to receive three daily flights, is notorious. Currently there are five flights a day and seven weekends, an average of 120 passengers per flight.
And is built so that it can double its current capacity in 15 years, said Jorge Rosillo, ECOGAL manager, now in charge of the construction and management of the airport. Therefore, the former director of the Galapagos National Park, Raquel Molina, is concerned to know what you do with an airport as large, "while still not resolve serious issues in population centers, such as wastewater treatment, health, management Waste ... ".
Setting a limit on entry to the islands has gone from being a lengthy discussion and this government recognizes Luis Mora, head of the Environmental Management area of the Park. Although Molina reassures him that the terminal is diurnal, meaning that it runs until 14:00.
The iguanas seek track The new building sits where once there was only natural forest, so that the environmental management plan requires that they retain native plants. In some cases not changed places and got up a nursery for other species are replanted.
The land iguana is another species that requires care, in the morning looking for the sun and go to the tarmac to warm. At 08:00, before the arrival of the first aircraft, firefighters and tour the site rangers to remove them. At the end of 2011, two iguanas were run, one of them by aircraft.
After this incident, the recommended park chart a natural fence around the track with native plants, but still does not rise. This species, being migratory, needs to circulate freely to feed and mate. On the island are identified 1100 individuals. At noon, iguanas hide under cars and trucks to cool or often cross the road. Subcontractors drivers works and took a course to learn how to protect them.
Another invasive species Galapagos challenges is to prevent the entry of invasive species. Before landing, the bags of passengers and wineries are sprayed with an insecticide. Visitors pass through a wet carpet from a chemist (footbath) to remove any body on the soles of the shoes. Also designed a special room for suitcases and baggage check, by Biosecurity Agency.
The staff conducts inspections with X-ray equipment Additionally they have a space laboratory, which is not yet equipped. Any fruit or food is confiscated and incinerated detected. Extend controls admission charge. For passengers to enjoy a temperature of 23 degrees, the building was located diagonal to the track, not on the east, facing the sun. The ceilings are high, and hot air rises and cold floor. White metal alloy are not allowed to accumulate heat.
No cover wall reaches facilitating air circulation, there lucardas similar to a blind, designed to capture the natural breeze be fresh and venting CO2, when crowding. Air conditioners were discarded.
The large windows and light colored walls also maintain natural lighting and low consumption of fossil energy. This is coupled with a hybrid power generation; just ending solar supply (photovoltaic panels) is connected to diesel power, which still accounts for 70%. This will continue until you start to operate the wind farm (wind energy) adjacent to the terminal, at the end of this year. Neither power strips are used for luggage, the bags go through rollers that work by gravity.
Oscar Aguirre, director of the Chamber of Tourism of Santa Cruz, considered necessary for a sustainable model that the airport is truly environmentally friendly, building is only one side of the coin. In that sense, Rosillo recognizes that there are still things to be corrected, for example, while there is a practice of recycling garbage is still using plastic containers and glass are perfect.
A charge of the cafes and restaurants were asked to use ceramic tableware and cutlery washable. "The goal is not to sell anything in plastic. But transportation is not easy, we are in Baltra and the logistics are complicated." Also wanted to ask the airlines will use electric buses to pick up passengers Itabaca channel, but there is a slope and hairpin turns that hamper its operation. What we achieved is that the ramp-electric vehicles. The water is treated and water is desalinated sinks, which for Molina is a good example to be replicated in other communities in the Galapagos Islands.
Thanks to ElComercio.com for this article.